tag rule

Speeds of sound of the elements

{glossarbot=disable}Speed of sound, solid phase

 

longitudinal, m/s

transversal, m/s

extensional, m/s

notes

3 Li lithium

use

 

 

6000

20 °C

WEL

 

 

6000

 

4 Be beryllium

use

12890

8880

12870

room temperature

CRC

12890

8880

12870

 

WEL

 

 

13000

 

5 B boron

use

 

 

16200

20 °C

WEL

 

 

16200

 

6 C carbon

use

 

WEL

 

 

18350

 

11 Na sodium

use

 

 

3200

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3200

 

12 Mg magnesium

use

5770

3050

4940

room temperature, annealed

CRC

5770

3050

4940

annealed

WEL

 

 

4602

 

13 Al aluminium

use

6420

3040

5000

room temperature, rolled

CRC

6420

3040

5000

rolled

WEL

 

 

5100

 

14 Si silicon

use

 

 

2200

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2200

 

19 K potassium

use

 

 

2000

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2000

 

20 Ca calcium

use

 

 

3810

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3810

 

22 Ti titanium

use

6070

3125

5090

room temperature

CRC

6070

3125

5090

 

WEL

 

 

4140

 

23 V vanadium

use

 

 

4560

20 °C

WEL

 

 

4560

 

24 Cr chromium

use

 

 

5940

20 °C

WEL

 

 

5940

 

25 Mn manganese

use

 

 

5150

20 °C

WEL

 

 

5150

 

26 Fe iron

use

5950

3240

5120

room temperature, electrolytic

CRC

4994

2809

4480

cast

CRC

5950

3240

5120

electrolytic

CRC

5960

3240

5200

Armco

WEL

 

 

4910

 

27 Co cobalt

use

 

 

4720

20 °C

WEL

 

 

4720

 

28 Ni nickel

use

6040

3000

4900

room temperature

CRC

6040

3000

4900

 

WEL

 

 

4970

 

29 Cu copper

use

4760

2325

3810

room temperature, annealed

CRC

4760

2325

3810

annealed

CRC

5010

2270

3750

rolled

WEL

 

 

3570

 

30 Zn zinc

use

4210

2440

3850

room temperature, rolled

CRC

4210

2440

3850

rolled

WEL

 

 

3700

 

31 Ga gallium

use

 

 

2740

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2740

 

32 Ge germanium

use

 

 

5400

20 °C

WEL

 

 

5400

 

34 Se selenium

use

 

 

3350

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3350

 

37 Rb rubidium

use

 

 

1300

20 °C

WEL

 

 

1300

 

39 Y yttrium

use

 

 

3300

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3300

 

40 Zr zirconium

use

 

 

3800

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3800

 

41 Nb niobium

use

 

 

3480

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3480

 

42 Mo molybdenum

use

6250

3350

5400

room temperature

CRC

6250

3350

5400

 

WEL

 

 

6190

 

44 Ru ruthenium

use

 

 

5970

20 °C

WEL

 

 

5970

 

45 Rh rhodium

use

 

 

4700

20 °C

WEL

 

 

4700

 

46 Pd palladium

use

 

 

3070

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3070

 

47 Ag silver

use

3650

1610

2680

room temperature

CRC

3650

1610

2680

 

WEL

 

 

2600

 

48 Cd cadmium

use

 

 

2310

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2310

 

49 In indium

use

 

 

1215

20 °C

WEL

 

 

1215

 

50 Sn tin

use

3320

1670

2730

room temperature, rolled

CRC

3320

1670

2730

rolled

WEL

 

 

2500

 

51 Sb antimony

use

 

 

3420

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3420

 

52 Te tellurium

use

 

 

2610

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2610

 

56 Ba barium

use

 

 

1620

20 °C

WEL

 

 

1620

 

57 La lanthanum

use

 

 

2475

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2475

 

58 Ce cerium

use

 

 

2100

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2100

 

59 Pr praseodymium

use

 

 

2280

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2280

 

60 Nd neodymium

use

 

 

2330

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2330

 

62 Sm samarium

use

 

 

2130

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2130

 

64 Gd gadolinium

use

 

 

2680

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2680

 

65 Tb terbium

use

 

 

2620

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2620

 

66 Dy dysprosium

use

 

 

2710

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2710

 

67 Ho holmium

use

 

 

2760

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2760

 

68 Er erbium

use

 

 

2830

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2830

 

70 Yb ytterbium

use

 

 

1590

20 °C

WEL

 

 

1590

 

72 Hf hafnium

use

 

 

3010

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3010

 

73 Ta tantalum

use

 

 

3400

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3400

 

74 W tungsten

use

5220

2890

4620

room temperature, annealed

CRC

5220

2890

4620

annealed

CRC

5410

2640

4320

drawn

WEL

 

 

5174

 

75 Re rhenium

use

 

 

4700

20 °C

WEL

 

 

4700

 

76 Os osmium

use

 

 

4940

20 °C

WEL

 

 

4940

 

77 Ir iridium

use

 

 

4825

20 °C

WEL

 

 

4825

 

78 Pt platinum

use

3260

1730

2800

room temperature

CRC

3260

1730

2800

 

WEL

 

 

2680

 

79 Au gold

use

3240

1200

2030

room temperature, hard-drawn

CRC

3240

1200

2030

hard-drawn

WEL

 

 

1740

 

81 Tl thallium

use

 

 

818

20 °C

WEL

 

 

818

 

82 Pb lead

use

2160

700

1190

room temperature, annealed

CRC

2160

700

1190

annealed

CRC

1960

690

1210

rolled

WEL

 

 

1260

 

83 Bi bismuth

use

 

 

1790

20 °C

WEL

 

 

1790

 

90 Th thorium

use

 

 

2490

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2490

 

92 U uranium

use

 

 

3155

20 °C

WEL

 

 

3155

 

94 Pu plutonium

use

 

 

2260

20 °C

WEL

 

 

2260

 

[edit]

Speed of sound, fluid phases

 

m/s

notes

1 H hydrogen (gas)

use

1310

27 °C

CRC

1310

27 °C

WEL

1270

CRC

890

deuterium, 0 °C

1 H hydrogen (liquid)

use

1101

-252.9 °C

CRC

1101

-252.9 °C

2 He helium (gas)

use

965

0 °C

CRC

965

0 °C

WEL

970

2 He helium (liquid)

use

180

-268.9 °C

CRC

180

-268.9 °C

7 N nitrogen (gas)

use

353

27 °C

CRC

353

27 °C

WEL

333.6

7 N nitrogen (liquid)

use

939

-195.8 °C

CRC

939

-195.8 °C

8 O oxygen (gas)

use

330

27 °C

CRC

330

27 °C

WEL

317.5

8 O oxygen (liquid)

use

906

-183.0 °C

CRC

906

-183.0 °C

10 Ne neon (gas)

use

435

0 °C

CRC

435

0 °C

WEL

936 (presumably for liquid?)

17 Cl chlorine (gas)

use

206

0 °C

CRC

206

0 °C

WEL

206

18 Ar argon (gas)

use

323

27 °C

CRC

323

27 °C

WEL

319

18 Ar argon (liquid)

use

813

-185.9 °C

CRC

813

-185.9 °C

36 Kr krypton (gas)

use

(220)

23 °C

talk

220 ± 1, prelim. experimental value

23 °C, 101.3 kPa

36 Kr krypton (liquid)

use

1120

88RAB

1120

WEL

1120

54 Xe xenon (liquid)

use

1090

88RAB

1090

WEL

1090

80 Hg mercury (liquid)

use

1451.4

20 °C

CR2

1460.8

0 °C

CR2

1451.4

20 °C

CRC

1450

25 °C

WEL

1407

Notes

  • Ref. CRC: Values are "at room temperature" unless noted, and "for normal atmospheric pressure" ("at 1 atm" for gases).

  • Ref. WEL: Values refer to 293 K "where possible". Mid point values are substituted if ranges were given in their original reference. Not specified further, it is assumed from the values that all (except fluids) are for the speed of sound in a thin rod.

References

WEL

As quoted at http://www.webelements.com/ from this source:

  • G.V. Samsonov (Ed.) in Handbook of the physicochemical properties of the elements, IFI-Plenum, New York, USA, 1968.

CRC

As quoted from various sources in an online version of:

  • David R. Lide (ed), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th Edition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida, 2003; Section 14, Geophysics, Astronomy, and Acoustics; Speed of Sound in Various Media

CR2

As quoted from this source in an online version of: David R. Lide (ed), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th Edition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida, 2003; Section 6, Fluid Properties; Thermal Properties of Mercury

  • Vukalovich, M. P., et al., Thermophysical Properties of Mercury, Moscow Standard Press, 1971.

other

  • 88RAB: V.A. Rabinovich, et al. Thermophysical Properties of Neon, Argon, Krypton and Xenon. Selover (Eng. ed.) Hemisphere, Washington DC, 1988.