tag rule

Thermal expansion coefficients of the elements

{glossarbot=disable}Thermal expansion

 

×10-6 m · m−1 · K−1

3 Li lithium

use

46

CRC

46

LNG

46

WEL

46

4 Be beryllium

use

11.3

CRC

11.3

LNG

11.3

WEL

11.3

5 B boron

use

5–7

LNG

5–7

WEL

6

6 C carbon

use

 

WEL

7.1

11 Na sodium

use

71

CRC

71

LNG

71

WEL

71

12 Mg magnesium

use

24.8

CRC

24.8

LNG

24.8

WEL

8.2

13 Al aluminium

use

23.1

CRC

23.1

LNG

23.1

WEL

23.1

14 Si silicon

use

2.6

WEL

2.6

19 K potassium

use

83.3

CRC

83.3

20 Ca calcium

use

22.3

CRC

22.3

LNG

22.3

WEL

22.3

21 Sc scandium

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 10.2

CRC

10.2

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) 7.6

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) 15.3

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 10.2

LNG

10.2

WEL

10.2

22 Ti titanium

use

8.6

CRC

8.6

LNG

8.6

WEL

8.6

23 V vanadium

use

8.4

CRC

8.4

LNG

8.4

WEL

8.4

24 Cr chromium

use

4.9

CRC

4.9

LNG

4.9

WEL

4.9

25 Mn manganese

use

21.7

CRC

21.7

LNG

21.7

WEL

21.7

26 Fe iron

use

11.8

CRC

11.8

LNG

11.8

WEL

11.8

27 Co cobalt

use

13.0

CRC

13.0

LNG

13.0

WEL

13.0

28 Ni nickel

use

13.4

CRC

13.4

LNG

13.4

WEL

13.4

29 Cu copper

use

16.5

CRC

16.5

LNG

16.5

WEL

16.5

30 Zn zinc

use

30.2

CRC

30.2

LNG

30.2

WEL

30.2

31 Ga gallium

use

 

CRC

18

LNG

120

WEL

120

32 Ge germanium

use

6.0

LNG

6.0

WEL

6

34 Se selenium

use

(amorphous) 37

LNG

(amorphous) 37

38 Sr strontium

use

22.5

CRC

22.5

LNG

22.5

WEL

22.5

39 Y yttrium

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 10.6

CRC

10.6

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) 6.0

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) 19.7

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 10.6

LNG

10.6

WEL

10.6

40 Zr zirconium

use

5.7

CRC

5.7

LNG

5.7

WEL

5.7

41 Nb niobium

use

7.3

CRC

7.3

LNG

7.3

WEL

7.3

42 Mo molybdenum

use

4.8

CRC

4.8

LNG

4.8

WEL

4.8

44 Ru ruthenium

use

6.4

CRC

6.4

LNG

6.4

WEL

6.4

45 Rh rhodium

use

8.2

CRC

8.2

LNG

8.2

WEL

8.2

46 Pd palladium

use

11.8

CRC

11.8

LNG

11.8

WEL

11.8

47 Ag silver

use

18.9

CRC

18.9

LNG

18.9

WEL

18.9

48 Cd cadmium

use

30.8

CRC

30.8

LNG

30.8

WEL

30.8

49 In indium

use

32.1

CRC

32.1

LNG

32.1

WEL

32.1

50 Sn tin

use

22.0

CRC

22.0

LNG

22.0

WEL

22

51 Sb antimony

use

11.0

CRC

11.0

LNG

11.0

WEL

11

55 Cs caesium

use

97

CRC

97

56 Ba barium

use

20.6

CRC

20.6

LNG

20.6

WEL

20.6

57 La lanthanum

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 12.1

CRC

12.1

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) 4.5

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) 27.2

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 12.1

LNG

12.1

WEL

12.1

58 Ce cerium

use

(room temperature) (gamma, polycrystalline) 6.3

CRC

6.3

CR2

(room temperature) (gamma, amorphous) 6.3

CR2

(room temperature) (gamma, polycrystalline) 6.3

LNG

6.3

WEL

6.3

59 Pr praseodymium

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 6.7

CRC

6.7

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) 4.5

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) 11.2

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 6.7

LNG

6.7

WEL

6.7

60 Nd neodymium

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 9.6

CRC

9.6

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) 7.6

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) 13.5

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 9.6

LNG

9.6

WEL

9.6

61 Pm promethium

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) est. 11

CRC

est. 11

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) est. 9

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) est. 16

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) est. 11

LNG

est. 11

WEL

11

62 Sm samarium

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 12.7

CRC

12.7

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) 9.6

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) 19.0

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 12.7

LNG

12.7

WEL

12.7

63 Eu europium

use

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 35.0

CRC

35.0

CR2

(room temperature) (amorphous) 35.0

CR2

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 35.0

LNG

35.0

WEL

35

64 Gd gadolinium

use

(100 °C) (alpha, polycrystalline) 9.4

CRC

(100 °C) 9.4

CR2

(100 °C) (alpha, amorphous) 9.1

CR2

(100 °C) (alpha, crystalline) 10.0

CR2

(100 °C) (alpha, polycrystalline) 9.4

LNG

(100 °C) 9.4

WEL

9.4

65 Tb terbium

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 10.3

CRC

10.3

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) 9.3

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) 12.4

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 10.3

LNG

10.3

WEL

10.3

66 Dy dysprosium

use

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 9.9

CRC

9.9

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, amorphous) 7.1

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, crystalline) 15.6

CR2

(room temperature) (alpha, polycrystalline) 9.9

LNG

9.9

WEL

9.9

67 Ho holmium

use

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 11.2

CRC

11.2

CR2

(room temperature) (amorphous) 7.0

CR2

(room temperature) (crystalline) 19.5

CR2

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 11.2

LNG

11.2

WEL

11.2

68 Er erbium

use

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 12.2

CRC

12.2

CR2

(room temperature) (amorphous) 7.9

CR2

(room temperature) (crystalline) 20.9

CR2

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 12.2

LNG

12.2

WEL

12.2

69 Tm thulium

use

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 13.3

CRC

13.3

CR2

(room temperature) (amorphous) 8.8

CR2

(room temperature) (crystalline) 22.2

CR2

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 13.3

LNG

13.3

WEL

13.3

70 Yb ytterbium

use

(room temperature) (beta, polycrystalline) 26.3

CRC

26.3

CR2

(room temperature) (beta, amorphous) 26.3

CR2

(room temperature) (beta, polycrystalline) 26.3

LNG

26.3

WEL

26.3

71 Lu lutetium

use

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 9.9

CRC

9.9

CR2

(room temperature) (amorphous) 4.8

CR2

(room temperature) (crystalline) 20.0

CR2

(room temperature) (polycrystalline) 9.9

LNG

9.9

WEL

9.9

72 Hf hafnium

use

5.9

CRC

5.9

LNG

5.9

WEL

5.9

73 Ta tantalum

use

6.3

CRC

6.3

LNG

6.3

WEL

6.3

74 W tungsten

use

4.5

CRC

4.5

LNG

4.5

WEL

4.5

75 Re rhenium

use

6.2

CRC

6.2

LNG

6.2

WEL

6.2

76 Os osmium

use

5.1

CRC

5.1

LNG

5.1

WEL

5.1

77 Ir iridium

use

6.4

CRC

6.4

LNG

6.4

WEL

6.4

78 Pt platinum

use

8.8

CRC

8.8

LNG

8.8

WEL

8.8

79 Au gold

use

14.2

CRC

14.2

LNG

14.2

WEL

14.2

80 Hg mercury

use

60.4

CRC

60.4

81 Tl thallium

use

29.9

CRC

29.9

LNG

29.9

WEL

29.9

82 Pb lead

use

28.9

CRC

28.9

LNG

28.9

WEL

28.9

83 Bi bismuth

use

13.4

CRC

13.4

LNG

13.4

WEL

13.4

84 Po polonium

use

23.5

CRC

23.5

90 Th thorium

use

11.0

CRC

11.0

LNG

11.1

WEL

11.0

92 U uranium

use

13.9

CRC

13.9

LNG

13.9

WEL

13.9

94 Pu plutonium

use

46.7

CRC

46.7

LNG

46.7

Notes

All values refer to 25 °C unless noted.

References

CRC

As quoted from this source in an online version of: David R. Lide (ed), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th Edition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida, 2003; Section 12, Properties of Solids; Thermal and Physical Properties of Pure Metals

  • Touloukian, Y. S., Thermophysical Properties of Matter, Vol. 12, Thermal Expansion, IFI/Plenum, New York, 1975.

CR2

As quoted in an online version of:

  • David R. Lide (ed), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th Edition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida, 2003; Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Physical Properties of the Rare Earth Metals

which further refers to:

  • Beaudry, B. J. and Gschneidner, K.A., Jr., in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Vol. 1, Gschneidner, K.A., Jr. and Eyring, L., Eds., North-Holland Physics, Amsterdam, 1978, 173.

  • McEwen, K.A., in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Vol. 1, Gschneidner, K.A., Jr. and Eyring, L., Eds., North-Holland Physics, Amsterdam, 1978, 411.

LNG

As quoted from this source in an online version of: J.A. Dean (ed), Lange's Handbook of Chemistry (15th Edition), McGraw-Hill, 1999; Section 4; Table 4.1, Electronic Configuration and Properties of the Elements

  • Touloukian, Y. S., Thermophysical Properties of Matter, Vol. 12, Thermal Expansion, Plenum, New York, 1975.

WEL

As quoted at http://www.webelements.com/ from these sources:

  • D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.

  • A.M. James and M.P. Lord in Macmillan's Chemical and Physical Data, Macmillan, London, UK, 1992.

  • G.W.C. Kaye and T.H. Laby in Tables of physical and chemical constants, Longman, London, UK, 15th edition, 1993.

  • J.A. Dean (ed) in Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 14th edition, 1992.