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Nanoparticles / Nanopowders (elements, boride, carbide, nitride, phosphide, oxide) from READE PDF Print E-mail

 nanoparticles, nanopowder, nanophase, nanocrystal, nanoparticle, nanodots, nanomaterial, nanostructures, molecular structure, granular crystals. nanocups, nanoelements, nanoalloys, nanoborides, nanocarbides, nanonitrides, nanophosphides, nano sulphides, nanooxides, nanorare-earth oxides, nanodispersions, nanoparticles, nanopowder, nanophase, nanocrystal, nanoparticle, nanodots, nanomaterial, nanostructures, molecular structure, granular crystals. nanocups, nanoelements, nanoalloys, nanoborides, nanocarbides, nanonitrides, nanophosphides, nano sulphides, nanooxides, nanorare-earth oxides, nanodispersions,

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder Synonyms:

Nanoparticles, nanopowder, nanophase, nanocrystal, nanoparticle, nanodots, nanomaterial, nanostructures, molecular structure, granular crystals. nanocups, nanoelements, nanoalloys, nanoborides, nanocarbides, nanonitrides, nanophosphides, nano sulphides, nanooxides, nanorare-earth oxides, nanodispersions,

  • Domains Of Nanoparticles & Clusters With Different Structures:  

1) Molecules= (~1 to 10 atoms)

2) Clusters= (~10 to 103)

3) Particles= (~103 to 105)

4) Bulk= (~105 and larger)

Source: University of Texas at Austin

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder Product List:

Alumina nanoparticles; Aluminum nanoparticles; Aluminum nitride nanoparticles; Aluminum oxide nanoparticles, (alpha & gamma); Antimony oxide nanoparticles; Antimony pentoxide nanoparticles; Antimony tin oxide nanoparticles; Barium sulfate nanoparticles; Barium titanate nanoparticles; Bismuth oxide nanoparticles;

Boron nanoparticles; Boron nitride nanoparticles; Brass nanoparticles; Calcium carbonate nanoparticles; Calcium chloride nanoparticles; Calcium oxide nanoparticles; Carbon nanoparticles; Carbon black nanoparticles; Ceramic nanoparticles; Ceria nanoparticles; Ceria nanoparticles, samarium doped; Cerium nanoparticles;

Cerium oxide nanoparticles; Chromium nanoparticles, Chromium oxide nanoparticles (CrO3 & Cr2O3); Cobalt nanoparticles; Cobalt iron oxide nanoparticles; Cobalt oxide nanoparticles (CoO & Co3O4); Cobalt-zinc iron oxide nanoparticles; Copper nanoparticles; Copper oxide nanoparticles; Copper oxide nanoparticles (Cu0); Diamond nanoparticles;

Dysprosium oxide nanoparticles; Erbium oxide nanoparticles; Europium oxide nanoparticles; Ferric oxide nanoparticles, amorphous; Fluorescent nanoparticles; Gadolinium oxide nanoparticles; Gold nanoparticles; Graphite nanoparticles; Hafnium oxide nanoparticles; Hastelloy nanoparticles (C276);

Hematite nanoparticles (Fe2O3)- (alpha, beta, amorphous, epsilon, and gamma); Indium nanoparticles; Indium hydroxide nanoparticles; Indium oxide nanoparticles; Indium tin oxide nanoparticles; Iron nanoparticles; Iron-cobalt alloy nanoparticles; Iron-nickel alloy nanoparticles; Iron oxide nanoparticles;

Iron oxide nanoparticles, Fe203 (alpha & gamma); Iron oxide nanoparticles, Fe304; Iron oxide nanoparticles, transparent; Iron sulphide nanoparticles; Lanthanum nanoparticles; Lanthanum oxide nanoparticles; Lead oxide nanoparticles; Lithium manganese oxide nanoparticles; Lithium titanate nanoparticles;

Lithium titanium oxide nanoparticles; Lithium vanadium oxide nanoparticles; Luminescent nanoparticles; Magnesia nanoparticles; Magnesium nanoparticles; Magnesium oxide nanoparticles; Magnetic nanoparticles; Magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4); Manganese nanoparticles; Manganese oxide nanoparticles;

Molybdenum nanoparticles; Molybdenum oxide nanoparticles; Montmorillonite clay nanoparticles; Nanoparticle dispersions; Nanodots; Nanofiber; Nanometals; Nanoparticle oxide suspensions; Nanoparticles, conductive; Nanoparticles, custom chemistry; Nanoparticles, doped; Nanoparticles, lubricant grades, spherical;

Nanoparticles, magnetic; Nanoparticles, other; Nanosheet; Nanoshells; Nanowire; Neodymium oxide nanoparticles; Nickel nanoparticles; Nickel iron oxide nanoparticles; Nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO & Ni2O3); Nickel- titanium nanoparticles; Nickel- zinc iron oxide nanoparticles; Niobia nanoparticles;

Niobium nanoparticles; Niobium oxide nanoparticles; Palladium nanoparticles; Platinum nanoparticles; Platinum - silver nanoparticles; Praseodymium oxide nanoparticles; Ruthenium nanoparticles; Samarium oxide nanoparticles; Silica nanoparticles; Silicon nanoparticles; Silicon carbide nanoparticles, (beta & amorphous);

Silicon dioxide nanoparticles, (fused & quartz); Silicon nitride nanoparticles, (alpha & amorphous); Silicon nitride- Yttrium oxide nanoparticles; Silicon nitride- Yttrium oxide- Aluminum oxide nanoparticles; Silicon oxide nanoparticles (SiOx & SiO2); Silver nanoparticles; Specialty nanoparticles; Stainless steel nanoparticles (316L);

Strontium carbonate nanoparticles; Strontium titanate nanoparticles; Talc nanoparticles; Tantalum nanoparticles; Terbium oxide nanoparticles; Tin nanoparticles; Tin oxide nanoparticles; Titania nanoparticles; Titanium nanoparticles; Titanium carbide nanoparticles; Titanium carbo-nitride nanoparticles; Titanium diboride nanoparticles;

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles, anatase grade; Titanium dioxide nanoparticles, rutile grade; Titanium nitride nanoparticles; Titanium oxide nanoparticles; Tungsten nanoparticles; Tungsten carbide nanoparticles; Tungsten carbide- cobalt nanoparticles; Tungsten oxide nanoparticles; Vanadium oxide nanoparticles (VO, V2O3 & V2O5);

Yellow iron oxide nanoparticles; Yttria nanoparticles; Yttria stabilized zirconia nanoparticles; Yttrium nanoparticles; Yttrium- aluminum oxide nanoparticles; Yttrium oxide nanoparticles; Zinc nanoparticles; Zinc iron oxide nanoparticles; Zinc oxide nanoparticles; Zinc sulfide nanoparticles; Zirconia nanoparticles; Zirconium nanoparticles;

Zirconium dioxide nanoparticles (Monoclinic or CaO, CeO2 & Y2O3 stabilized); Zirconium oxide nanoparticles; Zirconium silicate nanoparticles;

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder General Description:

1) A nanoparticle (which historically has included nanopowder, nanocluster, and nanocrystal) is a small particle with at least one dimension less than 100 nm. This definition can be fleshed out further in order to remove ambiguity from future nano nomemeclature.

2) A nanoparticle is an amorphous or semicrystalline zero dimensional (0D) nano structure with at least one dimension between 10 and 100nm and a relatively large (? 15%) size dispersion. A nanocluster is an amorphous/semicrystalline nanostructure with at least one dimension being between 1-10nm and a narrow size distribution. This distinction is an extension of the term "cluster" which is used in inorganic/organometallic chemistry to indicate small molecular cages of fixed sizes. A nanopowder is an agglomeration of noncrystalline nanostructural subunits with at least one dimention less than 100nm.

3) A nanocrystal is any nanomaterial with at least one dimension ? 100nm and that is singlecrystalline. Any particle which exhibits regions of crystllinity should be termed nanoparticle or nanocluster based on dimensions.

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder Chemical Grades Presently Available: (Over 150 options)

Alumina nanoparticles
Aluminum nanoparticles
Aluminum nitride nanoparticles
Aluminum oxide nanoparticles, (alpha and gamma)
Antimony oxide nanoparticles
Antimony pentoxide nanoparticles
Antimony tin oxide nanoparticles
Barium sulfate nanoparticles
Barium titanate nanoparticles
Bismuth oxide nanoparticlesBoron nanoparticles
Boron nitride nanoparticles
Brass nanoparticles
Calcium carbonate nanoparticles
Calcium chloride nanoparticles
Calcium oxide nanoparticles
Carbon nanoparticles
Carbon black nanoparticles
Ceramic nanoparticles
Ceria nanoparticles
Ceria nanoparticles, samarium doped
Cerium nanoparticles
Cerium oxide nanoparticles
Chromium oxide nanoparticles (CrO3 and Cr2O3)
Cobalt nanoparticles
Cobalt iron oxide nanoparticles
Cobalt oxide nanoparticles (CoO and Co3O4)
Cobalt-zinc iron oxide nanoparticles
Copper nanoparticles
Copper oxide nanoparticles
Copper oxide nanoparticles (Cu0)
Diamond nanoparticles
Dysprosium oxide nanoparticles
Erbium oxide nanoparticles
Europium oxide nanoparticles
Ferric oxide nanoparticles, amorphous
Fluorescent nanoparticles
Gadolinium oxide nanoparticles
Gold nanoparticles
Graphite nanoparticles
Hafnium oxide nanoparticles
Hastelloy nanoparticles (C276)
Hematite nanoparticles (Fe2O3)- (alpha, beta, amorphous, epsilon, and gamma)
Indium nanoparticles
Indium hydroxide nanoparticles
Indium oxide nanoparticles
Indium tin oxide nanoparticles
Iron nanoparticles
Iron-cobalt alloy nanoparticles
Iron-nickel alloy nanoparticles
Iron oxide nanoparticles
Iron oxide nanoparticles, Fe203 (alpha and gamma)
Iron oxide nanoparticles, Fe304
Iron oxide nanoparticles, transparent
Iron sulphide nanoparticles
Lanthanum nanoparticles
Lanthanum oxide nanoparticles
Lead oxide nanoparticles
Lithium manganese oxide nanoparticles
Lithium titanate nanoparticles
Lithium titanium oxide nanoparticles
Lithium vanadium oxide nanoparticles
Luminescent nanoparticles
Magnesia nanoparticles
Magnesium nanoparticles
Magnesium oxide nanoparticles
Magnetic nanoparticles
Magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4)
Manganese nanoparticles
Manganese oxide nanoparticles
Molybdenum nanoparticles
Molybdenum oxide nanoparticles
Montmorillonite clay nanoparticle
Nanoparticle dispersions
Nanodots
Nanofiber
Nanometals
Nanoparticle oxide suspensions
Nanoparticles, conductive
Nanoparticles, custom chemistry
Nanoparticles, doped
Nanoparticles, lubricant grades, spherical
Nanoparticles, magnetic
Nanoparticles, other
Nanosheet
Nanoshells
Nanowire
Neodymium oxide nanoparticles
Nickel nanoparticles
Nickel iron oxide nanoparticles
Nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO and Ni2O3)
Nickel- titanium nanoparticles
Nickel- zinc iron oxide nanoparticles
Niobia nanoparticles
Niobium nanoparticles
Niobium oxide nanoparticles
Palladium nanoparticles
Platinum nanoparticles
Platinum - silver nanoparticles
Praseodymium oxide nanoparticles
Ruthenium nanoparticles
Samarium oxide nanoparticles
Silica nanoparticles
Silicon nanoparticles
Silicon carbide nanoparticles, (beta and amorphous)
Silicon dioxide nanoparticles, (fused and quartz)
Silicon nitride nanoparticles, (alpha and amorphous)
Silicon nitride- Yttrium oxide nanoparticles
Silicon nitride- Yttrium oxide- Aluminum oxide nanoparticles
Silicon oxide nanoparticles (SiOx and SiO2)
Silver nanoparticles
Specialty nanoparticles
Stainless steel nanoparticles (316L)
Strontium carbonate nanoparticles
Strontium titanate nanoparticles
Talc nanoparticles
Tantalum nanoparticles
Terbium oxide nanoparticles
Tin nanoparticles
Tin oxide nanoparticles
Titania nanoparticles
Titanium nanoparticles
Titanium carbide nanoparticles
Titanium carbo-nitride nanoparticles
Titanium diboride nanoparticles
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles, anatase grade
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles, rutile grade
Titanium nitride nanoparticles
Titanium oxide nanoparticles
Tungsten nanoparticles
Tungsten carbide nanoparticles
Tungsten carbide- cobalt nanoparticles
Tungsten oxide nanoparticles
Vanadium oxide nanoparticles (VO, V2O3 & V2O5)
Yellow iron oxide nanoparticles
Yttria nanoparticles
Yttria stabilized zirconia nanoparticles
Yttrium nanoparticles
Yttrium- aluminum oxide nanoparticles
Yttrium oxide nanoparticles
Zinc nanoparticles
Zinc iron oxide nanoparticles
Zinc oxide nanoparticles
Zinc sulfide nanoparticles
Zirconia nanoparticles
Zirconium nanoparticles
Zirconium dioxide nanoparticles (Monoclinic or CaO, CeO2 and Y2O3 stabilized)
Zirconium oxide nanoparticles
Zirconium silicate nanoparticles

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder Grades Available- Special Note:

Other chemistries can be custom manufactured to your chemical specification

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder Physical Properties Usually Available:

3 to 400 nanometers

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder Typical Applications:

1) Nanostructures, coatings, and fillers

2) Some of the most successful commercial nanoparticle / nanopowder applications effective January 2009 are:

a) Drug delivery - nanoparticles for absorption through the skin and eyes (far more pleasant than injections), and for inhalation, to avoid stomach enzymes - which fortunately don't exist in the lungs - destroying drugs; nanocapsules for delayed release; and dendrimers for drug delivery.

b) Solar energy - tougher, more efficient solar cells are already under development, with the promise of drastic cost reductions on the horizon. Some will even produce hydrogen.

c) Fuel cells - the NEC hopes to have these on the market in 2003/2004, though let's see what happens the next time I try to take enough methanol on a plane from Madrid to Tokyo to run my laptop, PDA and MP3 player.

d) Display technologies and e-paper - a competitive area, with e-paper and carbon-nanotube-based field-emission displays expected to be slugging it out with liquid-crystal displays (with carbon-nanotube-based backlights, of course) in the next two years.

e) Nanotubes - both as raw materials and as products. Multiwalled nanotubes, the cheap and dirty kind, are already going into composites, producing not much in terms of structural improvements but increasing conductivity at much lower filler loads. Single-walled nanotubes will have a much bigger effect in the longer term.

f) Catalysis - or old nanotech as people in the industry call it. This has a huge potential geopolitical impact, especially after recent developments in the energy business.

g) Nanocomposites - mainly clay-based for structural applications(increased strength) or with novel properties. These are already penetrating the automotive and aerospace industries.

h) Storage technologies - watch out for Millipede, magnetic random access memory (RAM), nanotube RAM and terabyte hard drives in the next few years.

i) Nanocrystalline bulk materials, or steels containing nanoparticulates - some companies are already using steel with nanoparticulate carbon added during the rolling process.

j) Coatings - extra hard or with special properties, such as being electrochromic or self-cleaning, are under investigation by everyone from car manufacturers to architects.

k) Sensors - bio and chemical sensors made from nanowires andnanotubes are hot property following the September 11 plane crashes.

l) Bioanalysis - devices using atomic force microscopes and quantum dots are already being readied for market.

m) Textiles - nanofibres in stain-resistant trousers are already available, with electrospun nanofibres and nanotube-enhanced fibers coming soon.

n) Cosmetics and sun screen products

  • Nanomaterial Industry Outlook:

"Global nanomaterial demand will rise 21 percent annually through 2013. Health care will surpass electronics as the largest market in value terms by 2013, while the energy market grows the fastest. The US, Western Europe and Japan will remain the largest markets, while demand in China leads gains". Source: Freedonia Group

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder TSCA (SARA Title III) Status:

Varies. For further information please call the E.P.A. at +1.202.554.1404

  • Nanoparticle / Nanopowder Health & Safety Notice:

1) Before using nanoparticles or nanopowders, the user shall determine the suitability of the product for its intended use, and user assumes all risk and liability whatsoever in connection therewith.

2) Please visit and read this excellent "Approaches To Safe Nanotechnology" document from the CDC & NIOSH

3) With the publication of the "Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology" document, NIOSH hopes to: raise awareness of the occupational safety and health issues involved with nanotechnology; make recommendations on occupational safety and health best practices in the production and use of nanomaterials; facilitate dialogue between NIOSH and its external partners in industry, labor and academia; respond to requests for authoritative safety and health guidelines; and, identify information gaps and areas for future study and research.

4) You can contact the Center For Disease Control (CDC) at +1–800–232–4636 or by email at: < This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .>  

  • NIOSH / CDC Good Handling Practices- Nanoparticles:

Visit this External NIOSH Link

  • Safety Of Manufactured Nanomaterials:

Visit this External OECD Link

 

 

 
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